Academic writing is hardly a piece-of-cake assignment itself, but for some reason, conclusions and introductions of any paper seem to cause students the biggest trouble. Maybe it is because they feel that these parts are important, or because they make the most lasting impression on the reader – whatever the reason, too many students somehow manage to fail writing them properly.
We decided to help you a bit with this task.
As usual, what you write in your introduction depends on the paper you are working on. First of all, define its size. If it is a dissertation you are writing, you can afford to allocate several pages to introduction and a conclusion. Accordingly, if there going to be only five pages of the entire essay, you can’t spend more than half a page.
ALWAYS write your introduction in the very end. It is simply easier to write a good one after you did your research and described its results. It gives you a general overview of the work done and makes it clear what you should and what you shouldn’t include in the introduction.
When the paper is ready, so are you. Start by hooking your readers’ attention. Some copywriting rules might help you here. Usage of quotations proves to be efficient in terms of attracting attention, as well as jokes, unexpected statistics, facts, etc. First, you have to sell your audience on reading the rest of the paper. When it is done, you can afford boring them with findings of your research a little.
In the introduction you are to explain the topic of your research, why it is important and what statement you are making and going to prove in this regard, i.e. thesis. The latter is usually placed in the end or in the middle of your intro. If the paper is quite big, so will be your thesis, so take it into account when assigning the number of words to every part.
After you engaged your reader, provide some background information related to the topic. Explain its urgency and transit to formulating the thesis itself.
A good idea is to explain how you are going to prove your point of view. This, of course, if you have room for it. If not, squeeze its explanation in one short sentence after the thesis.
When you are done with the introduction, take a closer look at it. Does it explain what you are going to write about? Does it contain links to all the points you are going to make? If not, keep working.
The conclusion part is not as difficult as introduction. However, it is a common mistake simply to restate what has been said while, at least, you have to reformulate it. In general, your conclusion must repeat your topic, your thesis and the points you offered in the summarized form.
Another mistake to avoid – introducing new information in the end of your essay. It is not a good time to do that. Everything you had to say should have been said in the body paragraphs.
Nothing difficult, right? The most important aspect is coming up with a strong thesis that has to be relevant and arguable and finding enough evidence to support it. Intro and body paragraphs are designed to arrange your paper in the digestible form and help your reader go through it without stumbling over. Don’t overestimate their importance, yet don’t diminish their role for success of your paper as well.